NEW!

2nd instalment of DYM volume 43 · 2019

 

Starting with volume 41, DYM appears conlinuously in sections during the year. New articles, reviews and other matter will be released as they are ready for publication.

The most recent complete issue is
volume 42 (2018).

Volume 41 appeared in 2017.

Volume 40 appeared in 2016.

All volumes (1–42) can be accessed online in the DYM archive.

 

 
Danish Yearbook of Musicology, volume 43 · 2019

Section 1 · Articles (volume 43:1)

Siegfried Oechsle,
Niels W. Gade: ‘Gegenwartsmusiker’. On Progressive Epigonality in Nineteenth-Century Music History, pp. 37–68

Taking stock on Niels W. Gade’s 200th birthday in 2017, various achievements can be pointed out: the catalogue and the critical edition of his works, likewise of his correspondence, a recent biography, numerous recordings etc. However, the Dane is usually reduced to one topos of reception, the ‘Nordic tone’, and categorized into the repository of the ‘Leipzig School’, which, according to respective aesthetic parties, encompasses the time of epigones between Beethoven and Wagner or Beethoven and Brahms. The article takes its starting point from these concepts. The ‘Nordic tone’s north’ is historicoculturally differentiated and distinguished from the context of nationality. Instead of tying it to musical essences of nationality, it is demonstrated that the ‘Nordic tone’ consists of a multitude of characteristic types of orchestral composition. Subsequently, the term ‘Leipzig School’ is examined with regard to categories like canon and epigonality. Primarily, rather than implicit value judgements, their temporal logic is focused on. Led by Schumann’s neologism ‘Gegenwartsmusiker’ (‘musician of the present’), a concept of progress is reconstructed, the subjective autonomy of which might be characterized by the paradox label of ‘progressive epigonality’. Especially for the ‘post-classicist’ years from c. 1830 onwards, it might stimulate an intensified search for structures and perspectives of a European history of music.

 

Section 2 · Special section: Papers from the conference Neue Sachlichkeit,
Political Music, or Vernacular Avant-Garde? Hanns Eisler and his Contemporaries
(volume 43:2)

Michael Fjeldsøe and Peter Schweinhardt,
Introduction, pp. 3–4

Stephen Hinton,
The Idea of Gebrauchsmusik – Revisited, pp. 5–19

The author revisits the history of Gebrauchsmusik, a musicological term that was coined in the early 1920s in musicological circles and which soon became a slogan with international currency. In documenting shifts in the term’s meaning and cultural significance and scrutinizing the role it has played in musicological discourse, the author reviews his own scholarly biography, from 1970s England, via Berlin during the 1980s, to his current home in the US. Apart from Paul Hindemith, who is widely but wrongly credited with having invented the word, composers discussed here who were similarly working in a culture that promoted the idea of Gebrauchsmusik include Hanns Eisler and Kurt Weill.

Andrew Wilson,
Neue Sachlichkeit and Schulhoff’s Improvisations, pp. 20–33

Sami Dva (1933), a rare testimony of Erwin Schulhoff’s jazz orientated piano duos, and Optimistische Komposition (1936), a transcription of one of his solo extemporizations, are evidence of the Czech musician’s skills in improvised music. These two examples also offer a unique opportunity to discuss how certain forms of improvised music might relate to a broad definition of musical Neue Sachlichkeit.

 


 

Content of the 1st installment of DYM Volume 43 · 2019

Section 1 · Articles (volume 43:1)

Bjarke Moe,
Tracing Compositional and Writing Processes in Sources to the Choral Works of Niels W. Gade, pp. 3–36

The article investigates how Niels W. Gade composed his choral works and how he used written media during the process of composing. A point of departure for the interpretation of the surviving sources is that the preparation of musical manuscripts happened within a socio-musical context, governed by norms dependent on the writer and on the receiver of the text.

The article demonstrates that Gade did not follow a single writing procedure when composing his choral works. Gade started out sketching new works at various stages during the creative process of composing. His methods of writing down the musical contents varied too, from scattered notation making only sense to himself to elaborate scores with a high level of details. Even if he might have had a fixed structure of a work in his mind, he often reworked a composition several times before reaching a satisfying version. During the process of writing down his ideas, he made changes to the structure of the music and, while adding details related to the performance of a work, he would revise the composition further.

Gade used the written media as a tool during composing, and thus the article argues that writing down a composition was not the goal in itself. The process of notating musical ideas served the purpose of seizing certain elements of a work in order to develop the composition further or to distribute information to others. The contents relied on the purpose of the written medium, and so Gade seems to have been conscious of what to write and how to write it. The multifunctional fair copies that he prepared for others to use show that Gade adapted to the situation and changed his ways of working out a composition in order to comply with the demands of others.